Gum bleeding, also known as gingival bleeding, is a common dental problem that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the gums become inflamed and tender and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as bad breath and gum recession. In this article, we will take a closer look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment options of gum bleeding.
Causes of Gum Bleeding
Poor Oral Hygiene
Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of gum bleeding. When bacteria in the mouth build up and form plaque, it can irritate the gums, causing them to become inflamed and bleed. To prevent this, brushing and flossing regularly is crucial in maintaining good oral hygiene.
Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that results in gum inflammation and bleeding. If not treated, it can progress to periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss. It is important to seek treatment as soon as possible to prevent further damage to the gums.
Some medications, such as blood thinners, can increase the risk of gum bleeding. If you are taking medication and experiencing gum bleeding, it is important to speak with your doctor about modifying your treatment plan.
Symptoms of Gum Bleeding
- Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
- Swollen, red, or tender gums
- Bad breath
- Gum recession
Treatment Options for Gum Bleeding
Improved Oral Hygiene
The first step in treating gum bleeding is to improve your oral hygiene. This includes brushing twice daily, flossing daily, and using an antiseptic mouthwash to help reduce plaque and bacteria in the mouth.
Scaling and Root Planing
If you have gingivitis or periodontitis, your dentist may recommend scaling and root planing. This is a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from below the gumline to help restore your gums to good health.
In some cases, your dentist may recommend medication to help reduce inflammation and bleeding in the gums. This may include antibiotics to treat bacterial infections or mouthwash to help reduce plaque and bacteria in the mouth.
Gum bleeding can be a sign of a more serious underlying dental problem. If you are experiencing gum bleeding, it is important to speak with your dentist about your treatment options. By maintaining good oral hygiene and seeking treatment as soon as possible, you can help improve the health of your gums and prevent further damage to your teeth.